The Connection Between Hormones and Acne

By McLean & Potomac Dermatology | Skin Tips 2024

hormones and acne

Several factors can trigger hormonal imbalances, leading to adult acne. Here are some common culprits:

01 / Menstrual Cycle

Fluctuations in hormone levels throughout the menstrual cycle can contribute to acne breakouts. Increased levels of androgens (male hormones) before and during menstruation can stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more oil, leading to clogged pores and acne.

02 / Hormonal Changes During Pregnancy

Pregnancy causes significant hormonal shifts in the body, including increased levels of progesterone. These hormonal changes can stimulate the production of sebum, leading to acne breakouts in some women.

03 / Menopause

During menopause, there is a decline in estrogen levels, which can result in an imbalance between estrogen and androgen hormones. This hormonal imbalance can trigger adult acne in some women.

04 / Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. It is characterized by an imbalance of hormones, including elevated androgen levels. This hormonal imbalance can contribute to the development of acne.

05 / Medications

Certain medications or treatments that affect hormone levels can also trigger adult acne. Examples include hormonal contraceptives, corticosteroids, and medications containing lithium or iodides.

06 / Stress

While stress does not directly cause hormonal imbalances, it can exacerbate existing imbalances and worsen acne symptoms. Stress stimulates the production of stress hormones like cortisol, which can affect hormone levels and lead to acne flare-ups.

It’s important to note that hormonal imbalances are just one potential cause of adult acne, and individual factors can vary. Consulting with a dermatologist can help identify the underlying causes and determine the most appropriate treatment options for managing adult acne.

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